The Male Nude: Eighteenth-Century Drawings from the Paris Academy Emmanuelle Burgerolles

ISBN: 9780900785689

Published: January 19th 2014

Paperback

120 pages


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The Male Nude: Eighteenth-Century Drawings from the Paris Academy  by  Emmanuelle Burgerolles

The Male Nude: Eighteenth-Century Drawings from the Paris Academy by Emmanuelle Burgerolles
January 19th 2014 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, RTF | 120 pages | ISBN: 9780900785689 | 10.73 Mb

Painting in 18th-century France was centered on the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in Paris, where the drawing of the male human figure was at the core of the curriculum. Only after mastering the copying of drawings and engravings, andMorePainting in 18th-century France was centered on the Academie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in Paris, where the drawing of the male human figure was at the core of the curriculum. Only after mastering the copying of drawings and engravings, and then casts of antique sculptures, would the student be allowed to progress to drawing the nude figure in the life class.

The drawings produced there were so associated with the Academy that they came to be known as academies .Accompanying a groundbreaking exhibition at the Wallace Collection, this publication includes remarkable drawings by Rigaud, Boucher, Nattier, Pierre, Carle van Loo, Gros and Jean-Baptiste Isabey. Variety and beauty are omnipresent. The works show figures sometimes single, sometimes two together in an enormous variety of poses and in various degrees of light and shade. The study of physiognomic expression was also taught at the Academy, and the facial expressions of the figures always complement the poses they adopt, whether they show serenity, exertion, pleasure or anger.The catalogue of over 40 masterpieces from the Academy collection now belonging to the Ecole des Beaux-arts is introduced with 3 essays by distinguished scholars.

Emmanuelle Brugerolles and Camille Debrebant write about the teaching methods at the Academy, to which no female artists were admitted and all models were male. (This practice in itself went on to create problems for artists, who lacking the necessary training to portray the female form, were compelled to search out models, not always in the most respectable settings.) They consider the complete collection of 600 drawings made over a period of some 150 years.

Exceptional in its size and consistency, the collection remains an extraordinary testimony to teaching methods and artistic doctrines that, although they are no longer current, still offer food for thought.Georges Brunel s essay Art and Manner, highlights some features of the artistic doctrine, which, while remaining stable for a century and a half, from 1650 to 1800, was nevertheless modified over time, each period reflecting its own sense of form and artistic expectations.

The foundation of academic teaching in the imitation of nature, the quest for beauty, and the study of the Antique did not change. But these notions can all be interpreted in many different ways. Is nature simply what is there to be seen, does beauty lie in the faithful reproduction of what is seen, does theAntique constitute the ultimate artistic reference point and touchstone of artistic merit and, ultimately, can there be art without manner ?



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